THIS DAY IN HISTORY: Magna Carta sealed by King John
On this day on history, 15th June 1215, The Magna Carta or "the Great Charter" in Latin was agreed by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor.
First drafted by the Archbishop of Canterbury to make peace between the unpopular King and a group of rebel barons, it promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons.
Neither side stood behind their commitments, and the charter was annulled by Pope Innocent III, leading to the First Barons' War.
The charter was later revived and eventually became part of English political life, typically being renewed by each monarch in turn.
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